对IOTA创始人DavidSønstebø的采访

对IOTA创始人DavidSønstebø的采访

我最近加入了IOTA基金咨询委员会,该委员会正在开发一个分类帐系统,它使用区块网络来注册名为“缠绕”(Tangle)的交易。Tangle就像区块链一样,但它使用网络结构而不是链状结构,这使它更具拓展性和稳定性。对感兴趣于该领域的人来说,这非常的复杂,但它会是比以太坊和比特币更好的替代品。这是对IOTA创始人DavidSønstebø.ui的采访。

对IOTA创始人DavidSønstebø的采访

David,你已经创造了名为“Tangle”的东西,你可以用浅显易懂的话解释一下它吗?

“缠绕”(Tangle)是一种用于结算和数据传输的新型分布式分类账技术(DLT)。 当今世界银行和其他机构都有一个由单一的实体控制的分类账,这意味着你必须信任这个实体不会以任何形式或方式改变该账本,我们知道许多欺诈案件很不幸地发生了。当两个不同的实体与另外一方分享各自分类账或数据库中的数据时,中心化分类账是非常低效的。例如Tangle和区块链这样的技术可以解决这个问题。

我们已经有以太坊和比特币时,为什么还需要Tangle呢?

比特币和以太坊是区块链,这意味着你拥有双方的网络:用户和验证人,换句话说,你已经将用户的分类帐与分类帐的验证相分离。通过替换前面提到的可信赖第三方(银行等),现在你必须信任见证人,在区块链理论中,验证人被设想为多方分布,奖励那些用代币验证(挖矿)的人,因此该网络难以改变并容易信任,但实际情况并非如此。在比特币和以太坊区块链中,验证人通过解决计算密集型的数学来验证区块,无论是谁率先解决密码学问题,都非常有机会获得代币(挖矿奖励),这是早先推动验证人执行区块验证的动力。由于计算的需求,创建了应用程序集成电路(ASIC)。它是专门用来解决这些难题的芯片。这总是使得区块链的验证集中在那些有资源购买ASIC处理器和能获得低廉电力的人们身上,与此同时这些人进一步集中在“矿池”中,矿池基本上结合了所有人的算力以得到最高概率的代币奖励。因此现在整个比特币网络基本上由5个矿池控制,而这些矿池更是受到互联网服务提供商和能源供应商的控制。另一方面,Tangle不会把网络的验证与网络的用户分离,反而验证是使用网络的固有属性。当你在Tangle中发送交易时,也会验证网络中两个先前的交易,因为其他人也在做同样的事,出现的是一个100%的分布,因此Tangle是可信赖的分类帐。

Tangle解决什么主要问题?

鉴于上述Tangle结构的本质差异,其解决了遗留在理论和实验室环境中许多臭名昭著的问题。

从费用来说:思考这个最简单的方式就是考虑区块链中的验证人运行他们昂贵的耗电设备,在必须验证之前,只有一定数量的交易适合每个区块,这意味着验证者选择包含费用最高的交易,例如微交易在区块链中是不可能的。然而,在Tangle中,由于不存在区块,因此没有区块大小的限制,并且网络固有验证,你不用给任何人报酬,这意味着你可以执行微交易甚至纳米交易。如果你发送0.1分给某人,他们就会收到0.1分。

第二个问题就是区块链中的拓展性:因为仅有有限数量的交易可以立即进入区块,最终以区块的阻塞而结束。如果区块规模允许,你可以得到许多验证交易。所以如果有很多用户立即使用它,最终会出现需要数小时才能清除交易的拥堵网络。在比特币中,每秒交易量为7个,与集中支付处理器相比,每秒钟绝对没有7个交易量。在Tangle中没有任何区块,你可以在任何时候想进入网络时添加一个交易,并且网络中的其他用户会验证它。没有拥堵的网络。因此在拓展性原则上,Tangle是不受限制的;用户越多,验证者越多。

这使Tangle听起来像一个区块网,而不是一个区块链。 为什么网络结构会更好呢?

尽管零费用交易结算本身是一个游戏规则改变者,使用Tangle进行数据传输的前景让我们感到同样兴奋。因为它是一个分布式账本,自然很适用于保证数据的防窜改,由于数据分布在网络用户中,因此如果有人试图篡改数据,它们将被自动检测并视为无效。原则上区块链也能做同样的事,但由于先前提到的费用和扩展性问题,区块链不能做到,这需要花费大量的资金和永久堵塞网络。

为什么您也创建了IOTA

IOTA是平台本身的名称,Tangle(缠绕)是分类帐结构的名称。所以IOTA与Tangle的关系就像比特币或以太坊与区块链的关系。

未来您对Tangle的期望是什么?

IOTA和Tangle主要是为了实现物联网而发明的,但也可用于任何类型的“按需”服务。由于零费用,你不再需要再为避免费用侵蚀利润空间而折中并间断操作,用户可以随时随地支付确切的数量。

原文:https://thefinanser.com/2017/04/interview-david-sonstebo-founder-tangle.html/

译者:Erica

专栏作者:Erica

个人简介:我共发表了 23 篇文章,总计被阅读了120,335 次,共获得了 148 个赞。

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